There are few Maya communities in the Pacific coast, and the majority are modern settlements. However, archaeological evidence suggests that in ancient times there could be significant populations. This is the case of Tak ‘alik Ab’ aj, located the mostly of Retalhuleu, which boasts a long occupation of 2,000 years. This site is characterized by the presence of monumental architecture made of stone took from river, as well as a large number of sculptures including style middle pre-classic Olmec and Maya style or Izapa in the late pre-classic. The excavations have uncovered two tombs of rulers, with large funerary offerings, which are the oldest in the Maya Area. Another important pre-Hispanic settlement of the South Coast is Monte Alto, which boasts the largest collection of sculptures “barrigon” style of the late pre-classic. The site of Cotzumalguapa, located in the city of the same name, was the largest settlement along the coast, since it includes the architectural groups of El Baúl, Bilbao and El Castillo, previously considered as three different sites. It is characterized by finely worked sculptures and a unique style, which does not seem to belong to a group of Maya affiliation.

There were foods of every kind, small and large foods, small plants and large plants. The animals showed them the road. And then grinding the yellow corn and the white corn, Xmucané made nine drinks, and from this food came the strength and the flesh, and with it they created the muscles and the strength of man. This the Forefathers did, Tepeu and Gucumatz, as they were called.