From the ancient cities of Petén Tikal is one of the most emblematic of the Mayan world and the largest in extension, so it was declared world heritage by the UNESCO in 1979, and was the first site declared as “mixed”, for its combination of cultural and natural heritage. Its long time occupation between the Middle pre-classic and Late-classic resulted from cumulative growth that culminated in one of the most impressive expressions of monumental architecture, represented in their pyramid temples, such as the Temple of the Great Jaguar, the Temple of The Masks, the Temple of The Jaguar Priest, the Two-headed Snake Temple, Temple 5 and the great pyramid of The Lost World. In addition, the acropolis type sets are an example of palatial and ceremonial architecture, as the case of the Central Acropolis and the North Acropolis. Other sets as The Twin Pyramid complexes were ceremonial places that replicated the cosmos. In Tikal it was found 40 stelae and over 20 altars, which recorded the history of a dynasty of more than 30 governments between the centuries II and IX A.D. During all the early classic period, Tikal dominated almost all the lowlands, until it was defeated by Calakmul and other allied cities in the middle of the 6th century A.D. For a century and a half Tikal remained under his control, until he was defeated by Jasaw Chaan K’ k’awiil in 695 A.D., restoring its role as regional capital. However, it was a short heyday, because at the end from the 8th century A.D. it had already lost much of its hegemony in the area.

Divine gods who decided
water from rain,
light with the sun,
food with corn,
the life and death …

Popol-Vuh